Writing Tip: Developing a Logic Model
Whether or not it is required in a grant application, a logic model is a valuable tool to assist organizations with project planning and evaluation. If your organization has not developed logic models for your programs, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation has published a useful tool to guide grant writers and planners through the process of developing one.
The W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide is available here or on the foundation’s web site at www.wkkf.org. The document provides grant writers with information about different types of logic models and provides examples as well as templates and checklists for developing logic models.
The W.K. Kellogg Foundation defines the program logic model “as a picture of how your organization does its work – the theory and assumptions underlying the program. A program logic model links outcomes (both short- and long-term) with program activities/processes and the theoretical assumptions/principles of the program.” Source: www.wkkf.org
Kellogg has found that “the logic model and its processes facilitate thinking, planning, and communications about program objectives and actual accomplishments.” So through its guide, the foundations “hopes to provide an orientation to the underlying principles and language of the program logic model so it can be effectively used in program planning, implementation, and dissemination of results. The premise behind this guide – and [the foundation’s] view of the role of evaluation in programming – is simple: Good evaluation reflects clear thinking and responsible program management.” Source: www.wkkf.org
The 62-page guide (1) introduces the grant writer to logic models, explains the basics, and discusses why an organization should use a model; (2) discusses how to develop a logic model and demonstrate progress toward change; (3) devotes a chapter to developing a theory of change logic model; and (4) demonstrates how to use the logic model to plan for evaluation.